Fact Sheets

The Fact Sheets below have been prepared by Dr. Ray Bollman and are in their preliminary stages. They are succinct findings around particular tops related to identifying trends in precarious employment:

Employment trends in economic regions
Non-metro employment trends by age
Non-metro population trends by age
Non-metro trends in low-wage work
Non-metro trends in involuntary part-time work
Non-metro trends in fixed term or contract jobs


The Charts below have been prepared by Dr. Ray Bollman and showcase trends in factors impacting precarious employment:

Non-metro employment by age
Non-metro trends in low wage work
Non-metro trends in workers with term or contract employment
Self-employment as indicator of precarious employment



This research project uses the classification of metro, non-metro, and partially non-metro to identify the types of areas being investigated in Ontario. These designations consider population, density, distance from metro centres, and geographic area. Below is more information about how census divisions in Ontario are considered based on these classifications. The Fact Sheet presented below is from Dr. Ray Bollman’s Focus on Rural Series prepared for the Rural Ontario Institute.

Focus on Rural: Overview of Rural Ontario Geography